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Bedbug Control

Bedbug Control

Why you need protection from bedbugs

A. Bedbugs
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Bed Bug Who has troubled humans for the last 3000 years?
Pests like these have plagued humans for over 3000 years. Bedbugs are small, flat parasites, which can hide in small crevices like corners of mattresses, wooden joints of beds, cushions and blankets, sofas and chairs, quilts, crevices of the wooden floor, curtains, carpet suitcases, etc. There are many storage beds in people’s homes, inside which stuff can be kept, so it is difficult to find and eliminate them. There is a high risk of bedbug infestation in them.

They are difficult to kill and easy to catch. Can suck up to 6 times more blood than body weight. The blood they drink gives them the nutrients and water they need to live. Bedbugs spread very quickly. They hide in clothes, luggage furniture, suitcases, bedding and household items. Move from building to building.

The most significant aspect of bedbug control is timing. 90% of the time, people waste their valuable time with home remedies, and products available in departmental stores and grocery stores because they lack the right information. However, the truth is that these remedies, such as kerosene oil, do not dry when exposed to sunlight. Similarly, the products found in shops are not effective for many reasons. If the appropriate measures are not taken at the earliest possible time after bedbugs, the cracks in the corners become difficult to treat. 

If the bedbugs are inside the joints of furniture, or inside the mattress, then no chemical or hot air gun can reach them and kill them. This is until all the joints have been opened by the carpenter. If you have lost your precious time, then you will have to throw away all the furniture and mattresses in the house and get new mattresses. And yet, between removing the old furniture, mattress and the driveway, lane, professional Bedbug treatment of the whole house will still have to be done, otherwise, the problem of Bedbugs will arise in the new one, not only in our country India but in every country. 
Bedbugs are a very serious problem even in western countries like Europe America etc. Every year many people throw away all the furniture mattresses in their homes, but by making big heating chambers abroad, they treat all your furniture by putting donkeys in it and some services are not available due to very less demand for expensive treatment in India. But if the technician and supervisor are trained and use the right chemicals and equipment etc. And if the conscious customer gets the treatment done at the right time, then proper prevention of Bedbugs can be done.

Rats and Mice have very weak eyesight and it is even weaker during the day. Humans can see three primary colors, red, green and blue with ease even from a great distance, but rats are colour blind and their perception of depth is zero. This is why rats always move adjacent to walls. 
Contrary to vision impairment, their senses of smell, touch and hearing is very strong. Mice use their whiskers to thoroughly understand their surroundings and make a detailed survey of their surrounding area. Their whiskers are much more sensitive than the tips of our fingers. 

Gnawing: rodents gnaw on anything that comes to their way (like false ceiling, cartons, packets, containers, bags of grains, bread, biscuits and pet food etc.) and leave behind ragged holes. 

House Mouse (Mus musculus): It has pointed snout, large rounded ears, and a hairless tail which is equal to its body’s length. House mice are from 65 to 95 mm long and their tails are 60 to 105 mm long. Their fur colour ranges from light brown to black, and they generally have white belly. Their weight ranges from 12 to 30 grams. House mice usually run or stand on all four legs, but while eating, they balance themselves on their hind legs with additional support from the tail – a typical behaviour which is called as “tripoding”. House mice are primarily nocturnal and terrestrial. Nervously active, they are agile climbers and jumpers and are also good swimmers. They make their nests in any protected place, contaminate food and damage your property.

Roof Rat (Rattus rattus): It is also known as Black Rat or ship rat. The tail is longer than its body (longest tail amongst rats of our concern) and have large eyes and ears, a pointed nose. Roof rat droppings are soft and moist when fresh but their old droppings are hard and dried. The droppings usually measure about half an inch and have pointed ends. Roof rats prefer to make its nest /shelter in the upper parts of buildings, such as false ceiling, trees, lofts, dense cover and shadows of thick shrubbery, vine covered trees, power lines and fences. behind walls, above ceilings, and in chimneys. They are also likely to be found infesting basements, areas under buildings, and in sewers. 
Sewer or Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus): It is also known as the brown rat. It is a brown or grey rodent with a head and body length of up to 28 cm or 11 inches long, and a tail slightly shorter than its body and head length put together. It weighs between 140 to 500 grams. Brown rats dig well, and often excavate extensive burrow systems. The brown rat is a true omnivore and will consume almost anything, but cereals form a substantial part of its diet. Sewer rat makes a new burrow adjacent to an object or structure in order to provide proper strength to its burrow as sturdy roof. 

Greater bandicoot rat (Bandicota indica): It can grow to about 27–29 cm without including the tail which can grow to 28 cm. It has a dark gray-brown upper parts with a profusion of long, black hair. Large, aggressive bandicoot rats erect their guard hairs on their backs and emit grunts when disturbed. If caged with other bandicoots, it is likely to fight to death within a few hours. They ‘re so aggressive that sometimes dogs and cats are afraid of these bandicoot rat, they occupy the outskirts of human dwellings such as compounds and gardens and are commonly found near garbage bins. They are also sometimes found on the roadside. Sometimes they get run over by cars and die on the road. Burrowing habits cause great damage to grounds and flooring, as they can also tunnel through brick and masonry. Their characteristic large burrows give away their presence. They are not fastidious eaters, feeding on household refuse, grain, and vegetables, and are very serious pests in poultry farms. They are also a carrier for many diseases. 

Lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota bengalensis): They are also known as Indian Mole Rat. Their length can be up to 40 cm long (including the tail). They are considered a serious pest for the the cereal crops and gardens. They emit piglike grunts when attacking. The head-body length is around 250 mm, and the uniformly dark tail is shorter than the head-body length. These rats are also known to inhabit houses in villages and are particularly aggressive when threatened. 

When, you can’t see the rodents but every day you find their droppings or foul odour. 
Every morning, you find half eaten tomatoes or damaged bread and biscuit packets. 
You hear strange sound usually at night, which is combination of squeaking, hissing, chattering, scratching, gnawing, and rustling sounds. It disturbs your sleep and you are not sure how to stop it. 
You notice that there are greasy smears on tile floor, around the holes or chimney or exhaust fans, on the white paints on walls and you don’t know what caused those ugly black smears? 
When you find nauseating smell as if rat has died somewhere but don’t know where? 
You have bought rat baits from market and you find that rats are not eating it and your problem only increasing. 
You have bought rodent glue traps from market and you find that rats are not getting stuck or trapped on it but they are strong enough to run over it. 

E. DIY (Do It Yourself) – Is it good idea? 
If you are willing to take the pain of doing it yourself, we can certainly help you with right Rodent chemical, equipment and guidance to do it at your own convenience and privacy. 
You can fill up the Rodent DIY information form and we will contact you with all the help, suggestion and estimates. A DIY kit can include rodent glue traps, pre baiting material, baiting material, cages, rodent bait station, dead rodent disposal kit and last but not the least guidance to do the rodent control yourself. 

For Rodents, the recommended chemicals are as follows: 
Bromadiolone 0.005% 
Klerat Wax blocks known as 0.005% Brodifacoum 
For further details on above chemicals, popular brands available in India, how do their bottle and packet look like, refer to our Chemical Section on Rodent control. 

Bitterant 1% (non-pesticide bittering agent): bitteRTM from UPL is a powerful and effective rat repellent spray. Its unique bitterant formulation delivers an intense sensation to the gnawing rodent and compels it to stay away. Rats cannot stop gnawing and the bitteRTM formulation uses this behavior to devise an effective repellant. 
Odorless rodent repellent 
Eco-friendly: No organic solvents used. Safe for humans 
Sticks on most of the surfaces easily 
Creates uniform coating 
Application does not require any training 

Best way to prevent the rodents is by using the 4Ds - Deny Entry, Deny Food & Water, Deny Shelter and Destroy but responsibly. 
Seal each and every hole that you find inside and outside the home to prevent their entry. 
Install door sweeps on exterior doors 
Inspect items such as boxes, grocery bags and other packages brought into the home. 
Routinely inspect the loose soil or ground below the shrubberies, around the building periphery, near drains for rodent burrows. Block them or get them treated by licensed pest control operator. 

I. Do’s and Don’ts 
The do’s and don’ts to follow when you notice that you have a Rodent problem 

If you have seen a rat in a room, please close the door and if there is gap below the door, put a door mat or towel or paper sheet to block it so that the rat doesn’t come out of that room to other part of the house. 
If you have noticed rat trapped inside a carton or a wardrobe and it has no way out, put some rodent glue traps at the exit point so that rat gets stuck. 
Call your pest control operator and don’t panic. 

Don’t use rodent baits directly by yourself without expert guidance. If at all, you wish to do it yourself, get a DIY kit for rodents and follow the instructions. It will guide you to identify the rodent species troubling you and then right tools and chemicals to be used in right proportion in a systematic mann.